The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) of the United Nations has recognized the need to protect performers in audiovisual media. This also concern African performers when cultural concerts are recorded in audiovisual platforms. African performers usually receive very little compensation when transferring rights to western producers, without taking into account the potential for online exploitation. However, on June 24, 2012, WIPO signed the Audiovisual Performances Treaty, which restored certain rights back to African performers. Among others, here is one article that is relevant to YouTube and other social media: Article 10: Rights of Making Available of Fixed Performances Performers shall enjoy the exclusive right of authorizing the making available to the public of their performances fixed in audiovisual fixations, by wire or wireless means, in such a way that members of the public may access them from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, eg YouTube.